If you need to see in the dark, you’ll need to buy a pair of quality night vision binoculars. These versatile binoculars come in different makes and models, but their main advantage is that when the sun sets or the lights go out, you will still see as if it is daytime. These night optics also come in monocular styles which is a single optic just like a telescope. Night scopes are another style of single infrared optics. All of these allow you to see at night or in low light. There are also hands-free night vision devices like night vision goggles that have a strap on your head with a headgear kit that allows goggles to be attached to a headpiece.

Night optics work by using electronics and don’t actually use optical lenses as standard binoculars use to create the image. You aren’t looking at the object, but an amplification of the image projected onto a phosphorus screen. TheĀ best night vision binoculars grabs light from where ever it can find it and amplifies the result as images on a screen.

With infrared binoculars, you have the benefit of an accessory illuminator, which when activated enhances the infrared spectrum allowing even more clarity and resolution in low or night conditions surpassing even traditional night vision optics.

Light availability directly affects the performance of the night vision binoculars. Lacking light or moonlight will require an extremely powerful digital night vision binocular. Night vision binoculars classified into different levels called generations. Used by the military, these specifications mean the level of sophistication in the design of night optics ranked from generation 1 through 4.

Generation one: This group has the least expensive and most popular models. They have an adapter kit and can be improved with IR illuminators to achieve better results.

Generation two: This group is distinguished by the microchannel plate.

Generation three and four: These generations allow for clear vision in total darkness. They are more costly and are ideal for professionals such as police officers, naturalists, security personnel, and researchers.

Generation four uses the highest technology available and are very expensive. They see with no light in complete darkness.

Comparisons and review of the various types of night vision gear should be made when thinking about purchasing equipment. There are three factors to consider – gain, quality of image and range of site. Night vision optics requires a minimum of light to work properly and vary between 10 to 600 m.

Take into account the environment that you will be using the equipment in and go for what you think might be the extreme. Rain, fog, various types of dark conditions, are just some of the conditions you might encounter. Depending on the model of binoculars you buy, whether they come with an infrared illuminator as a standard or optional add-on, will make or break a night journey. You will want your image to be effective up to 75 to 250 feet away from the optics.

Binoculars, goggles or monoculars are a personal choice, based entirely upon how you plan to use them. Night vision binoculars are great for security surveillance and other assorted nighttime observations because of their two-piece eye design, which reduces eyestrain. Utilizing monocular optics will probably prove to be tiring by comparison and will lessen your enjoyment of the experience.

Many activities can involve night vision optics including scouting, cave exploration, police surveillance and night time security, camping, wildlife observation, night fishing and boating and hiking through the woods after dark.

Using night vision binoculars will open up a whole new universe of discovery and adventure. Whatever your plans for your new equipment, with a little background work, you will be ready. There are so many diverse creatures who only appear after dark and finding them can be very exciting.

Hunting and night hiking will also improve when you can use one of these night optics to see in lowlight conditions. One piece of advice when making that final purchase – you get what you pay for.